Tag: Madeleine de Scudéry

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Πουλχερία

As narrated yesterday, Pulcheria was the sister of Theodosius II and the one who had preceded him as Empress on the throne of Costantinople while he was coming of age. She was a central political figure throughout all her life and was crucial in trying to resolve the theological conflict between the archbishop of Constantinople […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Aelia Eudocia (Athenais)

Aelia Eudocia (Athens, 401 – Jerusalem, 20 October 460) was the wife of Byzantine emperor Theodosius II. She was born from a Greek philosopher and was educated in rhetoric by her father, a wealthy nobleman of Athens. The story goes that Athenais took upon herself to manage the household and raise her two brothers, when […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Volumnia

Volumnia was a noblewoman and the mother of the Roman general and rebel Gaius Marcius Coriolanus. According to Titus Livius, she disapproved of her son’s rebellion against Rome and was ultimately successful, aided by her daughter-in-law Volumnia, in visiting her son’s camp and convincing him to desist in his will to launch an attack against […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Lucretia

Lucretia is one of the most famous women of Roman tradition, a noblewoman whose suicide (again) prompted the overthrown of the Roman monarchy and the birth of the Republic. Her story is narrated by three main sources: Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Ovid and Titus Livius. Our favourite is, of course, Ovid. As the story goes, Lucretia […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Amalaswintha

Amalasuintha was the daughter of Theoderic the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, and she reigned from 526 to 535 first as regent and then, if only for just one year, as queen regnant. She was a prominent intellectual figure and is known to have spoken fluently both Latin and Greek, on top of the Gothic […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Pantea Arteshbod

Panthea was a Persian Lieutenant Commander who served under Cyrus the Great, a thing far from being uncommon for Persian women. She played a crucial role in the Battle of Opis (539 b.C.) during the Persian invasion of Mesopotamia, in which the armies of Cyrus defeated the neo-Babylonian emperor Nabonidus, thus annexing Babylonia into the […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Berenice of Cilicia

Berenice of Cilicia, also known as Julia Berenice, was a member of the Herodian Dynasty and appointed Queen of Judaea under the Roman Empire. During the First Jewish-Roman War, she became the lover of the future emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus, and she supported her lover’s father Vespasian greatly, both financially and politically, during his campaign. […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Porcia

Porcia, born on 70 b.C., was the daughter of Cato the Younger, a stoic roman senator of the late republic, and the wife of Marcus Junius Brutus, the infamous assassin of Julius Caesar. Brutus married her after divorcing Claudia, the daughter of his long-time ally Appius Claudius Pulcher, without offering any reason whatsoever. This divorce […]

Madeleine de Scudéry’s Femmes Illustres – Sisygambis of Persia

Sisygambis was the daughter of king Artaxerxes II Mnemon and, following an ancient Achaemenid tradition, she was made to wed her own brother Arsames. Her first-born, Darius, became king of Persia in 336 b.C., following an obscure plot in which the court eunuch and chiliarch had poisoned both king Artaxerxes III and his youngest son […]